Cosmetic Surgeon and Cosmetician
Sometimes accidents are reflected in the press and undesirable results may occur in aesthetic operations. There are various opinions about the reasons for these. Knowing the difference between a cosmetic surgeon and cosmetician will be helpful in deciding on an operation. On this page, you will read how this topic was handled by a Plastic Surgeon. What are the differences between a cosmetic surgeon, plastic surgeon, Cosmetician, and esthetician?
Evolution of Cosmetic Surgery
Plastic surgery is the main science that created cosmetic surgery. While many branches of medicine aimed to save a life in the past, plastic and reconstructive surgery aimed to increase the quality of life at the same rate as well as save lives. For example, a person who has lost his auricle for some reason can survive. However, if a new auricle is made for them, they will live their life of better quality.
We can reproduce these examples, such as the treatment of tissue loss due to accidents or cancer surgery, unpleasant images and disturbing scars, and congenital deformities.
Plastic reconstructive surgery has started to deal with the treatment of unsightly disorders that do not have any loss of function, with the experience gained in the treatment of areas with impaired appearance or function.
The Beginning of Cosmetic Surgery
The first cosmetic surgeries were started to be applied in common disorders such as re-stretching faces sagging from old age, reduction of large noses, stretching of drooping abdomens, tilting prominent ears, and reduction of large breasts.
These procedures were followed by skin beautification processes, enlargement of small breasts, beautification processes without incisions or very small incisions, and removal of excess fat.
Classical cosmetic surgeries (tummy tuck, facelift, breast reduction) were serious surgeries that required special training and an operating room environment.
Advances in technology have enabled people to beautify without being taken into the operating room by using various laser beams, microwave devices, and chemical substances. These devices were very easy to use and did not require significant medical training. Nor did they have serious harmful effects if used properly. This situation resulted in people who have the economic power to buy the device and start using them without medical education. Some companies even organized special courses, allowing even unrelated people to use them.
Filler and Botulinum Toxin (BOTOX)
Two important innovations that emerged in recent years were fillers and botulinum toxin (botox). A filler is a liquid substance used to hide small wrinkles. Its content is in a structure that is not foreign to the body (hyaluronic acid or lactic acid). Injecting these substances right into the wrinkles provided a temporary improvement in appearance.
Botulinum toxin, on the other hand, was a poison that was injected into the muscle and prevented the muscles from moving. In particular, it paralyzed the facial mimic muscles and temporarily eliminated the wrinkles between the eyebrows and on the forehead. Since fillers and botox are sold in the market and can be stored in the refrigerator or shelf for a long time after purchase, they immediately attracted attention in terms of ease of use. Both where and how much to do could be taught with a short course.
Increased Interest in Aesthetics
Beauty tools, which are low in danger and provide positive effects, have attracted the attention of other physicians and even non-physicians as well as cosmetic plastic surgeons.
Is cosmetics Learned Only Through Courses?
Taking advantage of the gaps in the laws, many people went to private courses, learned how to use laser, radiofrequency, filler, and botox, and started to introduce themselves as “Cosmeticians”. Many medical branches and nurses such as dentists, orthopedists, general practitioners, general surgeons, etc., started to do this type of cosmetic procedure with or without taking courses.
Treatment of Unexpected Mishaps
You may ask: What’s wrong with a general surgeon applying a laser to the face or a gynecologist performing a tummy tuck? Each specialty of medicine provides training on a different subject. If the laser used unintentionally creates a deep burn on the face, its treatment exceeds general surgery. In addition, if a gynecologist performs a tummy tuck, if skin bruising (also called necrosis) develops, this is beyond his area of expertise. Despite all this, in many surgical branches (ENT, Gynecology, General Surgery, and even Dentistry) there are people who introduce themselves as “cosmetic surgeons”.
Why Plastic Reconstructive and Cosmetic Surgery?
However, plastic reconstructive and cosmetic surgeons have already learned their profession by restoring rotten, ruptured, deteriorated tissues and are capable of doing the best treatment when an undesirable situation occurs.
No procedure in medicine is 100% safe. Even a needle inserted in the hip can lead to unexpected results, although rare. Fillers, botox, laser, and externally applied chemicals can rarely have very serious side effects. If the practitioner is not a physician, he cannot cope with these undesirable situations. In some serious cases, even being a physician or specialist is not enough for treatment. However, since plastic reconstructive plastic surgeons are trained against all kinds of unexpected situations, they can fight problems in the most effective way.
How Does a Plastic Surgeon Train?
A plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgeon is trained in at least 7-8 years, excluding medical education. During his education, he works in branches such as general surgery, orthopedics, pediatric surgery, and neurosurgery, and receives microsurgery training, and receives special aesthetic surgery training before and after being a plastic surgeon.
It should not be expected that a person who has received specialization from any branch of medicine will be able to perform aesthetic surgeries within the course of a few months. In addition, even if they do, it is not possible for them to cope with undesirable situations that may arise.
Who is a Cosmetician?
Especially for someone who has never had a medical education, it is not appropriate to introduce themself as a cosmetician only through courses and to engage in medical interventions. In fact, cosmeticians earn their living in many parts of the world with make-up, hair care, harmless skincare, nail care, and such non-medical procedures. Like any profession, cosmeticians have a certain dignity. However, when it comes to medical interventions (filling botox, etc.), this goes beyond the limits of duty.
What Should Those Who Are Looking For a Plastic Surgeon Do?
How can people applying for beautification leave themselves in safe hands? The easiest way to do this is to see the “Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery” diploma given by the Ministry of Health in every country. In many countries, the Ministry of Health issues Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery board certificate, and the Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery association give chamber member certificates (board certificates) to their colleagues in cooperation with the medical chamber.